The final resting place of Private George Henry Thompson of the Green Howards, Yorkshire Regiment has been identified.
A new headstone has been installed and a rededication service took place in a moving ceremony on Friday 21 April 2017 at Wittenburg Cemetery, Germany.
The service was arranged by the MOD’s Joint Casualty & Compassionate Centre (JCCC). It was led by the Reverend Heather Rendell (Chaplain to the Forces), Regimental Chaplain, HQ Westfalen Garrison.
Nicola Nash, JCCC said:
Private Thompson and his comrades were faced with a tortuous march after years of captivity. We are glad to be able to confirm his final resting place and honour him as he so richly deserves.
Private Thompson was born on 4 April 1919 at Tynemouth, Northumberland. Before enlisting, he was recorded as working as a glazier and lived with his sister, Elizabeth, on Penman Street in North Shields. George enlisted on 16 October 1939 and was sent to France on 28 February 1940 as part of the British Expeditionary Force. He held the rank of private.
He was reported missing on 19 June 1940 after being captured at Athies, France. His status as a Prisoner of War (POW) was confirmed a month later.
Pte Thompson was sent to Stalag XXA, located in Toruń, Poland. He was imprisoned for nearly 5 years, until in early 1945 and with the threat of the advancing Russians, the Germans forced the POWs to march towards the West. This ‘Long March’ was a tortuous undertaking for men that were already weakened from years of imprisonment.
Marching During an Awful Winter
It was one of the worse winters on record, with temperatures dropping as low as -25°C. The men were without adequate clothing, supplies or medical equipment. Their captors forced them to march up to 40 kilometres a day and many succumbed to hypothermia, disease and death. Tragically, George lost his life during this march. Having suffered dysentery, he passed away near the town of Wittenburg, Germany on 3 March 1945.
Private Thompson was just 25 years old when he died.
Reverend Heather Rendell said:
It was a privilege to give a name to the grave of a soldier that died in conditions that should never happen again.
Staff Sergeant (S/Sgt) Aitken of the Royal Army Ordnance Corps kept a record of these POWs, including George. He kept a list of each man that died and where they were buried. He also attempted to intervene with the German guards to get better treatment of his men.
George’s burial place had remained unknown, until the grave of an ‘Unbekampt Englander Soldat’ (Unknown English Soldier) was found at a civilian cemetery in Wittenburg. This is where George’s burial place had been listed by S/Sgt Aitken.
This grave was brought to the attention of the Ministry of Defence by Steve Foster who has spent many years researching the final resting places of the POWs on S/Sgt Aitken’s list.
After extensive historical research by Mr Foster and the JCCC into this unknown grave and the circumstances surrounding George’s death, the MOD have now confirmed that this Unknown Soldier is actually Private George Henry Thompson.
Steve Foster said:
It was an honour to help find the grave of Private Thompson 70 years after he died in dreadful circumstance.
The Commonwealth War Graves Commission have provided a new headstone bearing Private Thompson’s name. The Commission will now care for his final resting place in perpetuity.